|Disorders - Oppositional Defiant Disorder|
|Written by Anthony Kane, MD|
Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) is a childhood psychiatric disruptive behavior disorder.
ODD children typically are aggressive toward others. They tend to intentionally bother and irritate those around them. In addition, these children rebel against authority and will refuse to obey instructions for no particular reason. Oppositional Defiant Disorder children cause a lot of problems for those around them and are particularly difficult for parents, teachers, and other adults whose position demands obedience and authority.
Oppositional defiant children have trouble taking responsibility for their actions. Every problem, obstacle, or setback is always someone else's fault. These children are stubborn and continually test limits. They frequently and unpredictably get angry, throw tantrums, and try the patience of those around them. ODD children break rules and refuse to take direction, even early in childhood.
Oppositional Defiant Disorder children tend to be manipulative. They are quite skilled at causing conflict all around them. They are very good at pitting adults against each other. Often an ODD child in the home will turn parent against parent, parents against teachers, and induce discord in those around them.
In short, ODD children:
There are a number of drug interventions that are used to treat ODD children. The focus of these drugs is to treat the other conditions that often accompany Oppositional Defiant Disorder in the hope that the ODD will also improve. However, to date, there is still no proven medical treatment that addresses Oppositional Defiant Disorder directly.
At this time, the primary way to treat Oppositional Defiant Disorder is through parent training programs. These programs are extremely effective in improving defiant behavior and are the only effective way to deal directly with ODD.
The main problem with parent training programs is that they are extremely expensive. Usually these programs are led by a psychologist or another mental health professional, last many months, and can carry a price tag of several thousands dollars. However, parents who have the money and are willing to spend it, find that these programs do make a difference.
However, a new study now suggests that parents have a better option.
Recently, researchers at Children's Memorial Hospital in Chicago tested three different ways of administering parent training ...